If you live in Texas, you know how beautiful and diverse its flora and fauna can be. However, it’s not all sunshine and rainbows when it comes to wildlife encounters. One of the most dangerous creatures that Texans need to be wary of are scorpions. While not all scorpions are poisonous, there are some species in Texas that can cause serious harm to humans. In this blog, we will go over the various dangerous species of scorpions that inhabit Texas, their habitats, behavior, venom potency, and more. We have also included tips on how to avoid scorpion encounters and what to do if you or someone you know gets stung by a poisonous scorpion. Stay informed and stay safe!

Scorpions in Texas

The Poisonous Scorpions in Texas

Residents of Texas need to be aware of dangerous venomous arachnids such as striped bark scorpions and Arizona bark scorpions. Symptoms of a painful sting can include swelling and numbness. Seek medical attention if severe symptoms such as vomiting or an allergic reaction occur. Prevent infestations by cleaning woodpiles and vegetation around rocky areas or grasslands.

What Are Poisonous Scorpions in Texas?

There are several scorpion species in Texas, but only a few are venomous, including the Bark Scorpion, Striped Scorpion, and Giant Hairy Scorpion. A sting can cause mild pain or severe symptoms like difficulty breathing and muscle spasms. Precautions such as wearing protective clothing and using pest control can prevent infestations.

Striped Bark Scorpion Habitat and Sting

The most common species of scorpions found in central Texas are the striped bark scorpion and the Arizona bark scorpion. These arachnids with segmented tails are often found hiding in cool and dark places, such as under rocks or inside homes. Their painful sting can cause symptoms like numbness, swelling, and muscle spasms. To avoid being stung by these venomous creatures, wear protective clothing and shoes when working outside or hiking in rocky areas.

Texas Cave Scorpion Appearance and Bite

With its small size and brown or tan color, the Texas Cave Scorpion is among the most perilous arachnids in Texas. Its venom causes severe pain and muscle spasms that may result in vomiting and numbness. Seeking medical attention immediately after being bitten and taking preventative measures like wearing protective clothing are crucial to avoid an allergic reaction. These scorpions often reside in crevices or grottos, so it’s important to seal your home’s woodpiles or rocky areas to keep them at bay.

Trans Pecos Smoothclaw Scorpion Distribution and Behavior

The Trans Pecos Smoothclaw Scorpion is among the most hazardous types of arachnids discovered in the western part of Texas, especially in the Chihuahuan Desert. These creatures are nocturnal and prefer hiding during the daylight hours. Their venomous sting can cause acute pain, swelling, and even allergic reactions in some cases. It is crucial to take necessary precautions when staying or traveling in areas where this species of scorpion is common.

Lesser Stripetail Scorpion Characteristics and Venom

The Lesser Stripetail Scorpion, one of the most common scorpions found in central Texas, has large pincers and a segmented tail with a stinger at the end. Its venom causes allergic reactions such as swelling, numbness, vomiting, and breathing difficulties. Seek immediate medical attention if bitten by this venomous arachnid. To avoid an encounter with this deadly species, keep woodpiles and vegetation away from your house.

Intermediate Scorpion Behavior and Habitat

Intermediate scorpions are generally found in rocky areas like cliffs and hillsides. They tend to be more aggressive than other types of scorpions and may attack without provocation. The venom from their sting often causes pain, swelling, numbness, vomiting, or even an allergic reaction that requires immediate medical attention. It’s important to protect yourself by wearing suitable clothing such as boots while hiking or working outside around arid vegetation where these segmented-tailed creatures live. Encountering a Texas scorpion can be dangerous; hence it is advisable not to disturb them if seen.

Wauer’s Dwarf Scorpion Diet and Predators

Wauer’s Dwarf Scorpion is one of the most common species of venomous scorpion found in Texas. With its large pincers and elongated body, it can reach an inch in length. This scorpion primarily feeds on insects, spiders, and other arachnids while being preyed upon by birds, reptiles, and mammals. Its painful sting may cause swelling, numbness and allergic reactions if medical attention isn’t sought immediately. One must take precautions while living or traveling in rocky areas with vegetation cover across northern Mexico and central Texas.

Big Bend Scorpion Anatomy and Reproduction

Found in West Texas, the Big Bend Scorpion is an arachnid species that grows up to three inches long. Their distinctive yellowish-brown color, two large pincers, and segmented tail with a venomous stinger make them one of the most dangerous scorpion species. Symptoms such as pain and swelling can occur even leading to death. During the fall season, they mate and give birth to live young.

Thick-handed Scorpion Venom Potency and Habitat

The thick-handed scorpion, one of the common species of scorpions in central Texas, prefers dry habitats like deserts, rocky areas, and grasslands. Although it can also be found in urban areas like Woodpiles and grottos. Its venom is potent enough to cause severe pain and muscle spasms that could be similar to the allergic reaction caused by a bee sting. However, medical attention must always be sought for symptoms such as numbness or vomiting that could indicate a severe sting with complications.

Russell’s Scorpion Distribution and Lifespan

Russell’s Scorpion is a venomous species of scorpion that can be identified by its yellowish-brown color and long tail. Found primarily in West Texas, these arachnids typically live for 3-8 years. Their sting can cause mild to severe symptoms including muscle spasms, difficulty breathing, and allergic reactions, making immediate medical attention crucial. Taking preventive measures like sealing holes and cracks in homes or wearing protective clothing while outdoors can help avoid encounters with this dangerous species of scorpion.

Eastern Sand Scorpion Identification and Sting

Found commonly in Texas, the Eastern Sand Scorpion has a slender body, long tail with pincers and can cause pain, swelling, and numbness if stung. It’s important to take precautions when living or visiting areas where scorpions are common by wearing protective clothing and using insecticides to avoid an allergic reaction to the venomous scorpion sting. Other common scorpions found in Texas include Striped Bark Scorpion and Lesser Stripetail Scorpion.

Arizona Bark Scorpion Lethality and Habitat

The Arizona Bark Scorpion, among the common scorpions in Texas, is the most dangerous one due to its venomous sting. This species of scorpion can be found in central and west Texas, rocky areas and northern Mexico. Their venom can cause numbness, vomiting, swelling and allergic reactions. It’s essential to take precautions like shaking out clothes before wearing them in areas where they may be present. Seeking immediate medical attention after a sting is necessary to avoid further complications.

Giant Hairy Scorpion Behavior and Diet

Giant Hairy Scorpions are among the most common species of scorpion in Texas. These arachnids primarily hunt at night, preying on other insects like crickets, cave crickets, and even small lizards. At an average size of 4 inches long, they have large pincers and a segmented tail with a stinger that can cause a painful sting resulting in swelling, numbness, or even vomiting. To avoid such situations, it is essential to wear proper protective gear before venturing into rocky areas or woodpiles where they’re commonly found.

Scorpion Species Lacking a Common Name

The Vaejovis constrictus species of scorpion found in West Texas is one to watch out for. Known for its venomous sting that causes painful swelling and redness upon contact, this arachnid can be found throughout the region’s rocky areas and vegetation. Although avoiding contact with these creatures is the best course of action when possible.

Vaejovis Chisos Appearance and Distribution

Found in the rocky areas of Chisos Mountains of Texas, Vaejovis Chisos is a small, light brown scorpion with a slender body and a long tail bearing a venomous stinger at the end. The species can be challenging to spot due to its size. While hiking or camping in the region, it is essential to exercise caution as its venom can cause pain, swelling and other symptoms.

Paruroctonus Boquillas Habitat and Behavior

Paruroctonus Boquillas is a species of scorpion found in the dry and rocky habitats of the southwestern United States, making it common in Texas. These venomous arachnids are nocturnal and typically hide during the day in rock crevices or under rocks. Therefore, one should take necessary precautions while hiking or camping in rocky areas to avoid getting stung by this species of scorpion.

Frequently Asked Questions

What should I do if I encounter a scorpion?

Encountering a scorpion requires staying calm and slowly moving away. Wear protective clothing in areas where scorpions are common. Seek medical attention if stung, especially if symptoms are severe. Reduce the chances of an encounter by keeping living spaces clean and free of clutter.

How can I prevent scorpions from entering my home or property?

To keep scorpions out of your property, seal all entry points and keep the yard free of debris. Use yellow outdoor lighting and consider hiring a pest control company for treatment. Preventive measures are crucial as scorpion stings can be dangerous, especially for children and pets.


It is crucial to be aware of the poisonous scorpions in Texas and take necessary precautions to avoid getting stung. While some species are relatively harmless, others can be lethal and require immediate medical attention. If you suspect you have encountered any of the dangerous species, it is best to get in touch with a professional pest control service for help. Remember, prevention is always better than cure. To learn more about protecting yourself from poisonous scorpions in Texas or if you need pest control services, get in touch with us today.

About the author : Shaun W